It was founded on the Seine, in the middle of the Paris Basin.
Residents of Paris are referred to as Parisien (what). Known all over the world for its monuments, artistic and cultural life, Paris is also an important city in world history, but is among the main economic and political centers and constitutes one of the transit points of international transportation.Paris, the world capital of fashion and luxury, is also called the “City of Light” (Ville Lumière).also considered one of the most romantic cities in the worldhas been. The population of Paris, including its suburbs, is about 12 millionis around. The population of the city center is around 2.3 million. SeineThe city around it is one of Europe’s most popular destinations.Many famous buildings in Paris are UNESCO World Heritage SitesIt is included in the list. Quartier from Montmartre made in the city
Some of the best medieval and Roman works, on long walks up to Latin
can be seen. Similar to an open-air museum, Paris is one of the most
It is one of the most visited cities. Celtic tracks in the capital lot Although not visible, the magnificent architectural structures date back to the 13th century when Notre Dame Cathedral was completed. 19th century modern
With Napoleon assigned to Baron Hausmann to develop Paris The foundation of today’s city with boulevards, beautiful buildings and large parks has been created.
The symbol of Paris, known as the city of fashion and luxury
It is the Eiffel Tower. Besides the Eiffel Tower in the city, there are many
There are places to visit. Louvre Museum, Notre Dame Cathedral,
Pantheon, Orsay Museum, Sacre Coeur Basilica, Pompidou The center and Les Invalides are the most important places to see in the city. are some of the places.
NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL
Construction of Notre Dame de Paris began in 1163 on the Île de la Cité, the heart of the medieval city of Paris. Nearly 900 years later, its sculptures, stained glass, and flying buttresses still inspire and awe. The first stone of the cathedral is laid with Pope Alexander III in attendance and
this construction lasted about 170 years. This gothic cathedral dedicated to the Virgin Mary is located on the eastern part of the Île de la Cité in the middle of the Sein River. This cathedral has become one of the symbols of Paris. Famous French writer Victor Hugo wrote the novel “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” to save the cathedral, which was decided to be demolished at the beginning of the century. Notre Dame Cathedral has a richness far from disappointing visitors with its gigantic interior, magnificent exterior, breathtaking decorations and artworks. The church offers different tastes to its visitors in a wide range of interests, from architecture to works of art, from spiritual sciences to history.
Western Front, Crown Gates and Towers
Notre Dame Cathedral Western Front is shaped around the Western Rose window at its center. In the center of this rose window are the Virgin Mary and Child sculptures. The floor of the Western Front consists of three magnificent crown doors located under the rose window. You can see the King’s Gallery, which has 28 statues of Jewish Kings on these magnificent crown doors. I can say that the last part that makes up the Western Front is two towers with a height of 69 meters, located in the north and south of the facade. From these towers, the north is ascended by 387 steps, and here are sculptures of strange-looking creatures (known as Chiméres or Gargoyle) that are believed to protect the cathedral from evil spirits. Even the name of this tower is Galerie des Chiméres and you can watch a breathtaking view of Paris from here. On the south tower is Emmanuel, the only bell of Notre Dame Cathedral that has survived to date, weighing 13 tons, but this part is not open to visitors.
Tower Cone Notre Dame Cathedral was designed and added to the tower by the architect Viollet le-Duc, who was in charge of the restoration, while it was restored in the 1800s. On the other hand, it is very compatible with the magnificent Gothic architecture of the church.
Notre Dame Cathedral I mentioned a rose window on the west facade. There are also one of these magnificent rose windows on the south and north facades of the cathedral.
There is a depiction of Christ in the middle of the Southern Rose Window decorated with 13 meters high stained glass, and the North Rose Window, which contains depictions of the Virgin Mary and the Old Testament, is 21 meters high.
The support beams on the Eastern Front of the cathedral are known as Flying Buttresses because they seem to be standing in space when viewed from a distance. The buttresses, the work of Jean Ravy, are among the places you should see on the Notre Dame Cathedral tour.
Carved Choir Section
The carved choir seats were made in the 18th century at the request of King Louis XIII. On the back of the seats, sections from the life of the Virgin Mary are described with reliefs. There is also a statue of Louis XIII in the church.
The Treasury Department, located on the southern facade of Notre Dame Cathedral, is home to religious artifacts such as ancient manuscripts and sacred items. Here, the Crown of Thorns and a piece of Christ’s Cross are open to visitors every Friday.
15.04.2019 Fire of Notre Dame Cathedral
Unfortunately, Notre Dame Cathedral, one of the most important works of world cultural heritage, was caught in flames on 15.04.2019. It is said that the cause of the fire is the restoration work carried out in the cathedral.
Notre Dame Cathedral was not only a treasure belonging to France, but a cultural heritage belonging to the whole world due to its historical, architectural and artistic importance. Watching this unique work of art succumb to the flames before our eyes today is one of the most painful tragedies of the modern age.