Belgrade travel guide: Belgrade , one of the most important attractions of the Balkans , proves at every opportunity that a large budget is not required to perform many activities during the holiday.
Belgrade Travel Guide: General Information
Belgrade History: Belgrade , which is the most populous city in Serbia with a population of 1.7 million, islocated between Sava and Danube rivers.
The first settlements in the region where they are located, BC. It was founded by the Celts around the 4th century. Later, the Romans, who dominated the region, supported the development of the city they named Singidunum around the Kalemegdan they built.
In the Middle Ages, the city constantly changed hands between the Hungarian Kingdom and the Serbian Despotate until it came under Ottoman rule. Even after its independence in 1878 , the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg dynasty faced many times to dominate the city.
Belgrade, which became the capital of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I, was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1941 . During this period, it was the Yugoslav forces supported by the Red Army who saved the city, most of which were heavily damaged due to two heavy bombardments.
The city, which regained its independence, became the administrative center of Communist Yugoslavia, which was founded in 1945 under the direction of Soviet Russia and was run by Tito until 1980 . Belgrade, which successfully established the balance between East and West in this period; it has become the center of the Balkans in economic, cultural and political fields.
However, the collapse of Yugoslavia and the ensuing civil war caused the city to enter a period of decline that will continue until 2006 . Despite all this, Belgrade has somehow managed to preserve its original spirit that was founded in the Tito period.
Population, Language & Society: Although the capital of Serbia is developed in terms of population, it is quite barren in terms of ethnic diversity. The groups that can be considered foreigners in the city are Bosnians , Croats and Macedonians ,who are parts of the former Yugoslavia.
Due to the nationalist nature of the city, which is almost entirely Orthodox, popular foreign languages such as English are not widely spoken, except in touristic areas.
Transportation: Pegasus and Turkish Airlines organize direct flights every day to thecapital of Serbia, which is located at the intersection of the Pannonian Plain and the Balkans. As an alternative to these trips, which take an average of 1 hour and 40 minutes, TCDD provides rail transportation in summer.
The flights with the Balkan Express give those whose vacation time is long enough to take this journey to witness the beauties of the region’s geography. Train travel is also the easiest way to go to Belgrade from Central European cities such as Budapest and Vienna.
When to go to Belgrade?
Belgrade, like the region it is in , spends the whole year under the influence of the continental climate . However, unlike the typical characteristics of the climate, the air temperature rarely falls below 0 ° C in winter. Also, in these months, snow falls in a way that does not interfere with daily life.
In summer, the average temperature is below 30 ° C. The number of rainy days only increases in the late spring.
I will share the details under a separate heading within the Belgrade travel guide, the dynamism of the nightlife and the intensity of the festivals increase the interest in the city in the summer months.
Music is the main theme of the festivals this season. However, in order to ensure that travelers with different tastes show interest in the city , organizations that include events in different fields such as the Belgrade Summer Festival are also organized in July and August .
In addition to offering a romantic atmosphere especially for couples, the autumn months become an alternative travel period to summer with its high number of festivals.
If you wish, you can go to the city in the middle of September and watch the performances of theater companies from different countries or you can choose to attend two music-themed festivals in October.
Winter is the best season for those who are far from the crowd and want to take advantage of the opportunities offered by the city. Moreover, this season, the city offers its guests a magical atmosphere by giving its name meaning ” White City “. It even gives you the opportunity to color your holiday with organizations such as Street of Open Heart .
Places to visit in Belgrade
Belgrade, the capital of Serbia; It is a special city that has embraced one of the greatest civilizations established in prehistoric times in Europe, has managed to be reborn from its ashes many times after many wars and destruction, and has a lively life surrounded by natural beauties.
Cumhuriyet Square is one of the places that reflect almost all of these features of the city to its guests . The square, which hosts the National Museum and National Theater buildings, is an ideal choice for those who want to observe the city life.
After leaving the square, which is considered to be the heart of the city, you can give priority to Knez Mihailova Street or Skadarlija . There are many opportunities on the street where you can shop and taste the unique flavors of Serbian cuisine. Also, when you reach the end , you can visit the flamboyant Kalemegdan inherited from the Ottoman Empire . Skadarlija, on the other hand, is in a position that guides art with his intellectual structure.
The city, which once served as a bridge between East and West, also attracts attention with its architectural richness. Especially in Old Belgrade, you can see a building built in a different style in almost every square. With the churches of Saint Sava and Saint Mark , Savamala is considered to be one of the iconic structures that reflect this feature of the city.
The city also gives its guests the opportunity to find peace with its lush vegetation. Stone Square , where the materials required for the construction of the buildings in the Middle Ages were obtained, and Ada Ciganlija , which is only a 10-minute drive from the city center , are shown as the most important green areas of the city.
If you want to watch the magnificent view of the city surrounded by forests and take lots of photos thanks to its vibrant nightlife, which provides pleasant moments for travelers during all four seasons, you can climb the Avala Tower , which is 16 kilometers away from the center . Zemun on the Danube is a favorite of travelers with its natural trails and eating and drinking facilities.